A new anthracnose disease of pyrethrum caused by Colletotrichum tanaceti sp. nov.

Barimani, M. and Pethybridge, S. J. and Vaghefi, N. and Hay, F. S. and Taylor, P. W. J. (2013) A new anthracnose disease of pyrethrum caused by Colletotrichum tanaceti sp. nov. Plant Pathology, 62 (6). pp. 1248-1257. ISSN 0032-0862

Abstract

A new pathogen of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium) causing anthracnose was described as Colletotrichum tanaceti based on morphological characteristics and a four-gene phylogeny consisting of rDNA-ITS, b-tubulin (TUB2), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and actin (ACT) gene sequences. The fungus produced perithecia in culture, requiring an opposite mating type isolate in a heterothallic manner. The initial infection strategy on pyrethrum leaves involved the formation of appressoria followed by production of multilobed infection vesicles in the epidermal cells. Infection and colonization then proceeded through thinner secondary hyphae, which resulted in the initial production of water-soaked lesions followed by black necrotic lesions. The infection process was suggestive of a hemibiotrophic infection strategy. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis clearly showed that C. destructivum, C. higginsianum and C. panacicola were separate species that also had similar intracellular hemibiotrophic infection strategies as C. tanaceti, which all clustered in the C. destructivum complex. Colletotrichum spp. were detected at 1% incidence in seed of 1 of 19 seed lines, indicating the potential for seed as a source of inoculum into crops. Colletotrichum tanaceti was detected in leaf lesions from 11 of 24 pyrethrum fields surveyed between April and July 2012, at a frequency of 1.3–25.0% of lesions. Anthracnose probably contributes to the complex of foliar diseases reducing green leaf area in pyrethrum fields in Australia.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 01:50
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 02:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthracnose; Colletotrichum tanaceti; Hemibiotrophic infection; Heterothallic mating; Pyrethrum; Tanacetum cinerariifolium; anthracnose; colonization; disease; fungus; gene; leaf area; leaf morphology; pathogen; phylogenetics; phylogeny; seed
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0607 Plant Biology > 060704 Plant Pathology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12054
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32941

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