Confidence: a better predictor of academic achievement than self-efficacy, self-concept and anxiety?

Stankov, Lazar and Lee, Jihyun and Luo, Wenshu and Hogan, David J. (2012) Confidence: a better predictor of academic achievement than self-efficacy, self-concept and anxiety? Learning and Individual Differences, 22 (6). pp. 747-758. ISSN 1041-6080


In this paper we report the results from a study that assessed confidence together with scales measuring self-belief - i.e., self-efficacy, different kinds of self-concepts, and anxiety - among the 15-year old students from Singapore. A distinct confidence factor was identified in the domains of mathematics (N = 1940) and English (N = 1786). Our results show that confidence is: a) a robust individual differences dimension; b) that can be combined with accuracy information to obtain bias scores that may be useful for group comparisons and for identification of misconceptions about particular topics. Confidence as studied in our work to date has been c) the best predictor of achievement in both mathematics and English; d) is related to both cognitive and self-belief measures; and e) it captures much of the predictive variance of other self-beliefs that are, in turn, among the best known predictors of achievement.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 32816
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2017 03:57
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2017 01:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: confidence; non-cognitive; predictors of academic achievement; self-beliefs
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5299 Other psychology > 529999 Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI:

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only