Higher-order structure of noncognitive constructs and prediction of PISA 2003 mathematics achievement

Lee, Jihyun and Stankov, Lazar (2013) Higher-order structure of noncognitive constructs and prediction of PISA 2003 mathematics achievement. Learning and Individual Differences, 26. pp. 119-130. ISSN 1041-6080


The present study investigates higher-order factor structure among fifteen primary variables selected from four broad noncognitive domains of academic self-beliefs, motivation, learning strategy, and attitudes toward school. The PISA 2003 international dataset was analyzed. Several EFA, CFA, and SEM models were tested, hypothesizing the structure among the primary first-order variables and their relationships to the mathematics scores. The analyses indicated no single, general factor at the second-order level, encompassing all fifteen first-order variables. Instead, the fifteen primary variables were best represented by a three-level factor structure with the four salient domain factors at the second-order level and one general noncognitive factor at the third-order. The most plausible SEM model had each of the three self-belief primary variables individually linked to the mathematics achievement scores, independent of the third-order factor. Self-efficacy was the strongest predictor of mathematics achievement and its predictive power was comparable to that of the common part of all 15 primary variables captured by the general noncognitive factor.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2017 03:56
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 03:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitudes toward school; learning strategies; motivation; self-beliefs; self-concept; self-efficacy
Fields of Research (2008): 01 Mathematical Sciences > 0199 Other Mathematical Sciences > 019999 Mathematical Sciences not elsewhere classified
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4999 Other mathematical sciences > 499999 Other mathematical sciences not elsewhere classified
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5299 Other psychology > 529999 Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.05.004
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32815

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