Major psychological dimensions of cross-cultural differences: nastiness, social awareness/morality, religiosity and broad conservatism/liberalism

Stankov, Lazar (2016) Major psychological dimensions of cross-cultural differences: nastiness, social awareness/morality, religiosity and broad conservatism/liberalism. Learning and Individual Differences, 49. pp. 138-150. ISSN 1041-6080


This paper presents the findings from a study based on 8883 participants from 33 countries. The Big Six measures of personality, and factor scores from studies of social attitudes, social axioms and social norms were analyzed in order to arrive at the main dimensions of cross-cultural differences. In the outcome, three factors captured the major proportion of variance at the pancultural level of analysis: Nastiness/Social Dominance, Social Awareness/Morality and Religiosity. At the between-countries' level, a broad Conservatism/Liberalism factor was identified. The largest cross-cultural differences were found on the Religiosity dimension. Cross-cultural differences on Social Awareness/Morality were negligible, and Nastiness/Social Dominance were in the middle. Overall, South Asian, South East Asian and African regions scored high on Religiosity and Nastiness/Social Dominance dimensions while Western and Eastern Europe and Anglo regions scored low. Three regions - Latin America, Middle East/North Africa and East Asia - were in the middle.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 05:07
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 05:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: conservatism/liberalism; cross-cultural differences; morality; nastiness; religiosity
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2299 Other Philosophy and Religious Studies > 229999 Philosophy and Religious Studies not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520599 Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
50 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 5099 Other philosophy and religious studies > 509999 Other philosophy and religious studies not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
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