Perceptual underconfidence: a conceptual illusion?

Stankov, Lazar and Pallier, Gerry and Danthiir, Vanessa and Morony, Suzanne (2012) Perceptual underconfidence: a conceptual illusion? European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28 (3). pp. 190-200. ISSN 1015-5759


Experimental interest in human decision making has been fertile in the past two decades. It is generally recognized that answers to questions involving general knowledge tend to produce overconfidence, whereas responses to perceptual tasks often result in underconfidence. While experimental psychologists debated the relative merits of single or dual explanations of these phenomena, differential psychologists suggested that confidence is a trait: Some people have high confidence and others express the opposite, no matter what type of task is undertaken. The current study examined these different perspectives using two complex cognitive and nine perceptual discrimination tasks from different sensory modalities. Findings suggest that underconfidence does not generalize across the perceptual domain, indicating that a more complex account of the miscalibration effect is needed. Such an account should incorporate both task characteristics and individual differences to produce a satisfactory psychological explanation of miscalibration. This point is highlighted by the presence of a strong confidence factor that has loadings from confidence ratings from diverse perceptual and cognitive tasks employed in this study.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 03:34
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 03:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: calibration; cognitive abilities; confidence factor; perceptual tasks
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology > 520406 Sensory processes, perception and performance
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
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