Predicting achievement: confidence vs self-efficacy, anxiety, and self-concept in Confucian and European countries

Morony, Suzanne and Kleitman, Sabina and Lee, Yim Ping and Stankov, Lazar (2013) Predicting achievement: confidence vs self-efficacy, anxiety, and self-concept in Confucian and European countries. International Journal of Educational Research, 58. pp. 79-96. ISSN 0803-0255

Abstract

This study investigates the structure and cross-cultural (in)variance of mathematical self-beliefs in relation to mathematics achievement in two world regions: Confucian Asia (Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan) and Europe (Denmark, The Netherlands, Finland, Serbia and Latvia). This is done both pan-culturally and at a multigroup-level, employing multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling on a sample of 7167 students (modal age 15.1) from nine countries in Confucian Asia and Europe. As expected, Confucian Asian countries were lower on self-concept and higher on math anxiety than European countries. In contrast, confidence, a relatively new measure of self-belief, shows little difference between regions, yet is the single most important predictor of math accuracy both within each country and pan-culturally. It accounts for most of the variance explained by the other self-constructs combined, has excellent psychometric properties, and is simple to administer. Self-efficacy adds only a very small amount of incremental validity when confidence is in the equation. There are significant differences between the two world regions in terms of calibration - Europeans are more overconfident - due to lower overall mathematics scores of students from Serbia and Latvia.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2017 01:52
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 03:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: confidence; mathematics achievement; metacognitive beliefs; self-concept; self-efficacy
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.ijer.2012.11.002
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32801

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