Wobbling ancient binaries - here be planets?

Horner, Jonathan and Wittenmyer, Robert and Hinse, Tobias and Marshall, Jonathan and Mustill, Alex (2014) Wobbling ancient binaries - here be planets? In: 13th Australian Space Science Conference (ASSC 2013), 30 Sept - 2 Oct 2013, Sydney, Australia.

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Abstract

In the last few years, a number of planets have been proposed to orbit several post main-sequence binary star systems on the basis of observed variations in the timing of eclipses between the binary components. A common feature of these planet candidates is that the best-fit orbits are often highly eccentric, such that the multiple planet systems proposed regularly feature mutually crossing orbits - a scenario that almost always leads to unstable planetary systems. In this work, we present the results of dynamical studies of all multiple-planet systems proposed to orbit these highly evolved binary stars, finding that most do not stand up to dynamical scrutiny. In one of the potentially stable cases (the NN Serpentis 2-planet system), we consider the evolution of the binary star system, and show that it is highly unlikely that planets could survive from the main sequence to obtain their current orbits - again casting doubt on the proposed planets. We conclude by considering alternative explanations for the observed variation in eclipse timings for these systems.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2014 National Space Society of Australia Ltd. No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit of Accepted version.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 04:28
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2017 03:39
Uncontrolled Keywords: planetary systems, n-body simulation, dynamical evolution and stability, exoplanets, circumbinary companions
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020108 Planetary Science (excl. Extraterrestrial Geology)
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020101 Astrobiology
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32748

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