Experimental and phenomenological study of the effects of adding shredded tire chips on geotechnical properties of peat

Saberian, Mohammad and Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, Mojdeh and Jahandari, Soheil and Vali, Ramin and Li, Jie (2018) Experimental and phenomenological study of the effects of adding shredded tire chips on geotechnical properties of peat. International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 12 (4). pp. 347-356. ISSN 1938-6362


Due to the high values of organic and water contents, and other poor geotechnical properties of peats, it is essential to stabilise peat deposits. Moreover, in recent decades, accumulation of waste tires has caused myriad environmental problems all around the world. To tackle both issues, a reasonable remedy is to use scrap tires for stabilisation of peat soils. Since some of geotechnical properties of tire stabilised peats have been not reported yet, the aim of this study is to investigate the effects of adding different weight percentages of shredded tire chips (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%) along with constant amount of sand (400 kg/m3) on some of geotechnical properties of stabilised peat such as unconfined compressive strength (UCS), secant modulus (Es), failure strain (εf), brittleness index (IB), deformability indexes (ID), resilient modulus (Mr), bulk modulus (K), shear modulus (G), cohesion (C) and angle of internal friction (φ) using UCS and direct shear tests. Moreover, to chemically characterise sand and peat, X-ray fluorescence test was conducted. Based on the test results, there was an upward trend in Es, Mr, K and G with some mild fluctuations due to the changes of bonds between peat and tire chips caused by the reduction in consistency and homogeneity of the stabilised peat; and overcoming the change by increasing the percentages of tire chips. Furthermore, from UCS test, the maximum values of UCS, Es, G, K and Mr were observed in the specimen with 10% shredded tire chips at 405.41 kPa, 3.43 MPa, 1.44 MPa, 1.64 MPa and 119.07 MPa, respectively. Also, adding chips to the peat increased the ductile behaviour of the soil. Moreover, by increasing the tire chips, C and φ parameters increased significantly. From SEM test, it was observed that the stabilised peat was characterised by a rather well-structured matrix since the pore spaces were mostly filled by sand. Finally, based on the experimental results, a phenomenological model was used to develop equations for predicting the geotechnical properties with the percentages of shredded tires. The results showed that there was a good correlation between the measured parameters and those of the estimated ones given by the predicted equations. At last, the use of tire chips from scrap tires adds obvious environmental interest to this research.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 00:31
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 06:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: shredded tire chips, peat soil stabilisation, unconfined compressive strength, secant modulus, deformability and brittleness indexes, shear modulus, bulk modulus, resilient modulus, SEM, phenomenological model
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400502 Civil geotechnical engineering
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400505 Construction materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19386362.2016.1277829
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32738

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