Microstructure and durability properties of cement mortars containing nano-TiO2 and rice husk ash

Mohseni, Ehsan and Naseri, Farzad and Amjadi, Naser and Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, Mojdeh and Ranjbar, Malek Mohammad (2016) Microstructure and durability properties of cement mortars containing nano-TiO2 and rice husk ash. Construction and Building Materials, 114 (114). pp. 656-664. ISSN 0950-0618


In the present study, Compressive strength, water absorption, electrical resistivity, Rapid Chloride Permeability Test (RCPT) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) tests of the hardened composites incorporating two supplementary cementitious materials: agricultural waste ash namely as rice husk ash (RHA) and nano-TiO2 (NT) in cement mortars were investigated. The interfacial transition zone (ITZ) and the microstructure were studied by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, respectively. Compressive strength results showed a substantial improvement in samples containing NT and also a slight increase in mortar performance was observed by using up to 10 wt% of RHA as a replacement of cement. However, binary mixtures displayed the best results for strength development and durability. It is also seen that a combination of 15% RHA and 5% NT in mortar led to a positive contribution to durability properties. XRD analysis showed that intensity of Alite and Belite phases decreased and new peak of portlandite achieved with the addition of NT. The SEM micrographs illustrated the widespread distribution of mortars containing NT with packed pore structures which resulted in promoting of strength and durability of specimens. Consequently, the combined mixture of RHA and NT has led to the enhancement of strength and durability properties of mortars. In general, it seems that 15% RHA and 5% NT can be considered as a suitable replacement regarding to the economic efficiency and hardened properties.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2017 01:11
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 23:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: nano-TiO2; rice husk ash; mechanical properties; durability; scanning electron micrographs
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.03.136
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32736

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