Polypropylene fiber reinforced cement mortars containing rice husk ash and nano-alumina

Mohseni, Ehsan and Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, Mojdeh and Naseri, Farzad and Monazami, Maryam and Sarker, Prabir (2016) Polypropylene fiber reinforced cement mortars containing rice husk ash and nano-alumina. Construction and Building Materials, 111. pp. 429-439. ISSN 0950-0618


This paper presents the effects of incorporating two supplementary cementitious materials: rice husk ash (RHA) and nano-alumina (NA) in polypropylene fiber (PPF) reinforced cement mortars. RHA is an agricultural waste material and thus recycling of this material has substantial economic and environmental benefits. Compressive strength, flexural strength, water absorption and drying shrinkage of the hardened composites were investigated. The interfacial transition zone and the microstructures were studied by using scanning electron micrograph (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. A slight increase in compressive strength of mortar was observed by using up to 10 wt% of RHA as a replacement of cement. However, addition of nano-alumina helped the compressive strength of mortar remain approximately equal to that of the control specimen even when 20 or 30 wt% RHA was used. Addition of polypropylene fibers resulted in significant increase in the flexural strength of the mortar specimens. It was also observed that NA and PPF could reduce water absorption by pore blocking effect. The positive interactions between polypropylene fibers and RHA resulted in the lowest drying shrinkage of the fibrous mortar containing RHA. XRD analysis showed that the intensity of Alite and Belite phases decreased and new peak of portlandite produced with the addition of NA. The addition of RHA enhanced the late strength of the cement composites. Consequently, the combined addition of RHA, NA and PPF has resulted in increasing of flexural strength and reduction in both water absorption and drying shrinkage of mortars.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2017 04:40
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 04:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: polypropylene fiber; rice husk ash; nano-Al2O3; compressive and flexural strength; water absorption; drying shrinkage
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.124
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32734

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