A coordinated control approach for DC link and rotor crowbars to improve fault ride-through of DFIG based wind turbines

Haidar, Ahmed M. A. and Muttaqi, Kashem M. and Hagh, Mehrdad Tarafdar (2017) A coordinated control approach for DC link and rotor crowbars to improve fault ride-through of DFIG based wind turbines. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 53 (4). pp. 4073-4086. ISSN 0093-9994


Nowadays, most double fed induction generators (DFIGs)-based wind turbines are equipped with a rotor crowbar connected in parallel with the rotor side converter (RSC). The parallel rotor side crowbar (PRSC) is used to protect the RSC and dc-link capacitor by dissipating the rotor energy during grid fault condition. In this paper, two types of crowbar protections are used, one in the rotor winding and the second in the dc link. During the fault condition, the rotor winding crowbar connects in series with the rotor winding and RSC to decrease the RSC current and dissipate the rotor energy. The general PRSC does not have the ability to significantly decrease the over-current. To protect the semiconductor switches of RSC, DFIG should not be kept connected with the utility grids under severe faults. The dc-link capacitor crowbar (DCCC) operates only if the dc capacitor voltage exceeds a threshold level. Both the series rotor side crowbar (SRSC) and the DCCC operate in coordination with each other to protect RSC and dc link during fault condition, and improve the fault ride through of the DFIG. Using the proposed SRSC, RSC continues its operation to control the DFIG during fault condition. Thereby, the reactive power can be injected to support the voltage at the point of common coupling. The behavior of the DFIG is investigated when the combined crowbars are operating with the proposed coordinated control approach and results are presented.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online. ArticleFirst version cannot be displayed due to copyright reasons.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 04:13
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 23:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: crowbar protection, dc link, DFIG, low voltage ride-through (LVRT), parallel rotor crowbars, series rotor crowbar, vector control
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090608 Renewable Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Solar Cells)
09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090699 Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2017.2686341
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32691

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