Comparing the financial returns from acacia plantations with different plantation densities and rotation ages in Vietnam

Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Son, Hoang Lien and Cockfield, Geoff and Duy, Hung Vu and Nghia, Tran Dai (2017) Comparing the financial returns from acacia plantations with different plantation densities and rotation ages in Vietnam. Forest Policy and Economics, 83. pp. 80-87. ISSN 1389-9341


In Vietnam, planted forests account for> 26% of total forest area, with approximately two-thirds of the plantation area managed by smallholders and 80% of plantation wood used for woodchip production. With increasing demand for timber for the construction and furniture industry, the Vietnam Government is seeking to encourage growers to increase the rotation age of plantations and produce higher quality timber so that it can meet its 2020 furniture export targets. Progress on this goal is however slow, with growers unsure about the financial case for increasing rotation age. Using a case study of the Ben Hai State Forestry Company (SFC), we compare financial returns from acacia plantations by the rotation ages of 5, 6 and 10 years. The 5 year rotation is for the sole purpose of producing woodchips whilst 6 and 10 year rotations produce both timber and woodchips. Results show that all three types of plantation produce positive returns but the return from 10 year rotation plantations (in terms of NPV and IRR) is much higher than those of others. By increasing the rotation age by 1 year (6 years total) and 5 years (10 years total) from the common practice of 5 years, the net present values from the modelled plantations would increase by about 1.57 times and 4.24 times respectively. The reasons why smallholder grower are not responding to these apparent higher present values and policies that would promote long rotation age plantations are discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 22:50
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2018 02:03
Uncontrolled Keywords: acacia plantations; rotation age; plantations density; financial return; Vietnam
Fields of Research (2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3007 Forestry sciences > 300705 Forestry biomass and bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960906 Forest and Woodlands Land Management
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