Episodic volunteering and retention: an integrated theoretical approach

Hyde, Melissa K. and Dunn, Jeff and Bax, Caitlin and Chambers, Suzanne K. (2016) Episodic volunteering and retention: an integrated theoretical approach. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 45 (1). pp. 45-63. ISSN 0899-7640

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Abstract

Episodic volunteers (EVs) are vital for non-profit organization activities. However, theory-based research on episodic volunteering is scant and the determinants of
episodic volunteering are not well understood. This study integrates the volunteer process model and three-stage model of volunteers’ duration of service to explore
determinants of EV retention. A cross-sectional survey of 340 EVs assessed volunteering antecedents, experiences, and retention. Social/enjoyment (β = .17) and
benefit (β = −.15) motives, social norm (β = .20), and satisfaction (β = .56) predicted Novice EV (first experience) retention; satisfaction (β = .47) and commitment (β =.38) predicted Transition EV (2-4 years intermittently) retention; and supporting the organization financially (β = .31), social norm (β = .18), satisfaction (β = .41), and
commitment (β = .19) predicted Sustained EV (5-6 years consecutively) retention. Integrated theoretical approaches appear efficacious for understanding EV retention.
An Episodic Volunteer Engagement and Retention model is proposed for further testing in prospective work.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under Open Access.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2017 23:44
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 23:44
Uncontrolled Keywords: episodic volunteering; volunteer retention; motives; commitment;
Fields of Research : 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150399 Business and Management not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/0899764014558934
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32456

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