Influence of number of contact efforts on running performance during game-based activities

Johnston, Rich D. and Gabbett, Tim J. and Jenkins, David G. (2015) Influence of number of contact efforts on running performance during game-based activities. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 10 (6). pp. 740-745. ISSN 1555-0265

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the influence the number of contact efforts during a single bout has on running intensity during game-based activities and assess relationships between physical qualities and distances covered in each game. Methods: Eighteen semiprofessional rugby league players (age 23.6 ± 2.8 y) competed in 3 off-side small-sided games (2 x 10-min halves) with a contact bout performed every 2 min. The rules of each game were identical except for the number of contact efforts performed in each bout. Players performed 1, 2, or 3 x 5-s wrestles in the single-, double-, and triple-contact game, respectively. The movement demands (including distance covered and intensity of exercise) in each game were monitored using global positioning system units. Bench-press and back-squat 1-repetition maximum and the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT) assessed muscle strength and high-intensity-running ability, respectively. Results: There was little change in distance covered during the single-contact game (ES = -0.16 to -0.61), whereas there were larger reductions in the double- (ES = -0.52 to -0.81) and triple-contact (ES = -0.50 to -1.15) games. Significant relationships (P < .05) were observed between 30-15IFT and high-speed running during the single- (r = .72) and double- (r = .75), but not triple-contact (r = .20) game. Conclusions: There is little change in running intensity when only single contacts are performed each bout; however, when multiple contacts are performed, greater reductions in running intensity result. In addition, high-intensity-running ability is only associated with running performance when contact demands are low.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 03:48
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 03:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: collisions; contact sports; fatigue; pacing; physical emands; tackles; acceleration; adult; athletes; athletic performance; biomechanical phenomena; competitive behavior; cross-over studies; exercise test; football; geographic information systems; humans; male; motor activity; muscle fatigue; muscle strength; muscle, skeletal; physical endurance; running; task performance and analysis; time factors; young adult
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0110
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32287

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