Influence of strength, sprint running, and combined strength and sprint running training on short sprint performance in young adults

Marques, M. C. and Gabbett, T. J. and Marinho, D. A. and Blazevich, A. J. and Sousa, A. and van den Tillaar, R. and Izquierdo, M. (2015) Influence of strength, sprint running, and combined strength and sprint running training on short sprint performance in young adults. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 (10). pp. 789-795. ISSN 0172-4622


The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of transference of 6 weeks of full squat vs. full squat plus sprint running training to short (ranged from 0-10 to 0-30m) sprint running performance in non-athletes. We hypothesized that a speed-full-squat training regimen could enhance squat strength and power with simultaneous improvements in short sprint performance. 122 physically active adults (age: 20.5±2.5years; body mass: 65.8±6.1kg; height: 1.71±0.08m) were randomly divided into 4 groups: full squat training (n=36), combined full squat and sprint training (n=32), speed training only (n=34) and non-training control group (n=20). Each training group completed 2 sessions per week over 6 weeks, while the control group performed only their normal physical activity. Sprint performance was improved after sprint running or full squat training alone (1.7% and 1.8% P<0.05, respectively), however larger enhancements (2.3%; P<0.01) were observed after the combined full squat plus sprint training intervention. These results suggest that in recreationally active adults, combined full squat and sprint training provides a greater stimulus for improving sprint performance than either modality alone.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 05:27
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 05:13
Uncontrolled Keywords: combined training; full-squat; sprint; transfer; velocity; athletic performance; female; humans; male; muscle strength; physical education and training; resistance training; running; young adult
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
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