How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness

Schwellnus, Martin and Soligard, Torbjørn and Alonso, Juan Manuel and Bahr, Roald and Clarsen, Ben and Dijkstra, H. Paul and Gabbett, Tim J. and Gleeson, Michael and Hagglund, Martin and Hutchinson, Mark R. and Janse van Rensburg, Christa and Meeusen, Romain and Orchard, John W. and Pluim, Babette M. and Raftery, Martin and Budgett, Richard and Engebretsen, Lars (2016) How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50 (17). pp. 1043-1052. ISSN 0306-3674

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The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome. The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load - including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel - and health outcomes in sport. This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport. These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under open access licence Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 05:30
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 04:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: illness; overtraining; overtraining and burnout; training; training load; acute disease; athletes; athletic injuries; athletic performance; biomarkers; cumulative trauma disorders; evidence-based medicine; female; health promotion; healthy diet; humans; immune system; male; physical education and training; practice guidelines as topic; professional practice; return to sport; risk factors; sports medicine; stress, psychological; terminology as topic; travel; workload
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
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