Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b

Welsh, William F. and Orosz, Jerome A. and Carter, Joshua A. and Fabrycky, Daniel C. and Ford, Eric B. and Lissauer, Jack J. and Prsa, Andrej and Quinn, Samuel N. and Ragozzine, Darin and Short, Donald R. and Torres, Guillermo and Winn, Joshua N. and Doyle, Laurance R. and Barclay, Thomas and Batalha, Natalie and Bloemen, Steven and Brugamyer, Erik and Buchhave, Lars A. and Caldwell, Caroline and Caldwell, Douglas A. and Christiansen, Jessie L. and Ciardi, David R. and Cochran, William D. and Endl, Michael and Fortney, Jonathan J. and Gautier, Thomas N. and Gilliland, Ronald L. and Haas, Michael R. and Hall, Jennifer R. and Holman, Matthew J. and Howard, Andrew W. and Howell, Steve B. and Isaacson, Howard and Jenkins, Jon M. and Klaus, Todd C. and Latham, David W. and Li, Jie and Marcy, Geoffrey W. and Mazeh, Tsevi and Quintana, Elisa V. and Robertson, Paul and Shporer, Avi and Steffen, Jason H. and Windmiller, Gur and Koch, David G. and Borucki, William J. (2012) Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b. Nature, 481 (7382). pp. 475-479. ISSN 0028-0836


Most Sun-like stars in the Galaxy reside in gravitationally bound pairs of stars (binaries). Although long anticipated, the existence of a 'circumbinary planet' orbiting such a pair of normal stars was not definitively established until the discovery of the planet transiting (that is, passing in front of) Kepler-16. Questions remained, however, about the prevalence of circumbinary planets and their range of orbital and physical properties. Here we report two additional transiting circumbinary planets: Kepler-34 (AB)b and Kepler-35 (AB)b, referred to here as Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b, respectively. Each is a low-density gas-giant planet on an orbit closely aligned with that of its parent stars. Kepler-34 b orbits two Sun-like stars every 289 days, whereas Kepler-35 b orbits a pair of smaller stars (89% and 81% of the Sun's mass) every 131 days. The planets experience large multi-periodic variations in incident stellar radiation arising from the orbital motion of the stars. The observed rate of circumbinary planets in our sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2017 22:50
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 03:31
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exoplanets; Binary stars; Circumbinary planets; KOI-2939
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020102 Astronomical and Space Instrumentation
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1038/nature10768

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