Stellar diameters and temperatures. VI. High angular resolution measurements of the transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 and implications for models of cool dwarfs

Boyajian, Tabetha and von Braun, Kaspar and Feiden, Gregory A. and Huber, Daniel and Basu, Sarbani and Demarque, Pierre and Fischer, Debra A. and Schaefer, Gail and Mann, Andrew W. and White, Timothy R. and Maestro, Vicente and Brewer, John and Lamell, C. Brooke and Spada, Federico and Lopez-Morales, Mercedes and Ireland, Michael and Farrington, Chris and van Belle, Gerard T. and Kane, Stephen R. and Jones, Jeremy and ten Brummelaar, Theo A. and Ciardi, David R. and McAlister, Harold A. and Ridgway, Stephen and Goldfinger, P. J. and Turner, Nils H. and Sturmann, Laszlo (2015) Stellar diameters and temperatures. VI. High angular resolution measurements of the transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 and implications for models of cool dwarfs. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 447 (1). pp. 846-857. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present direct radii measurements of the well-known transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 using the CHARA Array interferometer. We find the limbdarkened angular diameters to be θLD = 0.3848 ± 0.0055 and 0.2254 ± 0.0072 mas for HD 189733 and HD 209458, respectively. HD 189733 and HD 209458 are currently the only two transiting exoplanet systems where detection of the respective planetary companion's orbital motion from high-resolution spectroscopy has revealed absolute masses for both star and planet. We use our new measurements together with the orbital information from radial velocity and photometric time series data, Hipparcos distances, and newly measured bolometric fluxes to determine the stellar effective temperatures (Teff = 4875 ± 43, 6092 ± 103 K), stellar linear radii (R* =0.805±0.016, 1.203±0.061 R), mean stellar densities (ρ* =1.62±0.11, 0.58 ± 0.14 ρ), planetary radii (Rp = 1.216 ± 0.024, 1.451 ± 0.074 RJup), and mean planetary densities (ρp = 0.605 ± 0.029, 0.196 ± 0.033 ρJup) for HD 189733b and HD 209458b, respectively. The stellar parameters for HD 209458, an F9 dwarf, are consistent with indirect estimates derived from spectroscopic and evolutionary modelling. However, we find that models are unable to reproduce the observational results for the K2 dwarf, HD 189733. We show that, for stellar evolutionary models to match the observed stellar properties of HD 189733, adjustments lowering the solar-calibrated mixing-length parameter to αMLT =1.34 need to be employed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 06:15
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 05:18
Uncontrolled Keywords: Infrared stars;HD 189733; HD 209458; Stars: late-type; Techniques: interferometric;
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020102 Astronomical and Space Instrumentation
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2502
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32111

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