Stellar companions to the exoplanet host stars HD 2638 and HD 164509

Wittrock, Justin M. and Kane, Stephen R. and Horch, Elliott P. and Hirsch, Lea and Howell, Steve B. and Ciardi, David R. and Everett, Mark E. and Teske, Johanna K. (2016) Stellar companions to the exoplanet host stars HD 2638 and HD 164509. The Astronomical Journal, 152 (5). pp. 149-155. ISSN 0004-6256

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An important aspect of searching for exoplanets is understanding the binarity of the host stars. It is particularly important, because nearly half of the solar-like stars within our own Milky Way are part of binary or multiple systems. Moreover, the presence of two or more stars within a system can place further constraints on planetary formation, evolution, and orbital dynamics. As part of our survey of almost a hundred host stars, we obtained images at 692 and 880 nm bands using the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI) at the Gemini-North Observatory. From our survey, we detect stellar companions to HD-2638 and HD-164509. The stellar companion to HD-2638 has been previously detected, but the companion to HD-164509 is a newly discovered companion. The angular separation for HD-2638 is 0.512±0 002 and for HD-164509 is 0.697 0. 00 ' 2. This corresponds to a projected separation of 25.6±1.9 au and 36.5±1.9 au, respectively. By employing stellar isochrone models, we estimate the mass of the stellar companions of HD-2638 and HD-164509 to be 0.483±0.007-Me and 0.416 0.007 M, respectively, and their effective temperatures to be 3570±8K and 3450±7K, respectively. These results are consistent with the detected companions being late-type M dwarfs.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 07:19
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 01:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: planetary systems; stars: individual HD 2638, HD 16450); high angular resolution;
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5101 Astronomical sciences > 510109 Stellar astronomy and planetary systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
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