Performance of the smart surgical micro-drill for cochlear implantation

Brett, P. N. and Du, X. and Assadi, M. and Coulson, C. and Proops, D. and Reid, A. (2011) Performance of the smart surgical micro-drill for cochlear implantation. In: 18th Annual International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2011), 6-7 Dec 2011, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

Robotic surgery has made its mark as a precise means of tool deployment in surgical procedures since the late 1980s (Drake 1991, Taylor 1990). There is always a
dilemma associated with the perception of interaction with the tissue at the tool point. This is particularly true in minimal access procedures and where the tissue
deflects or deforms significantly. There is also the need to harness the precision and consistency that can be achieved in surgery in such applications by using robotics
without introducing unnecessary complexity or costs. The robotic surgical micro-drill is moving surgical robotics in this direction. It is a generic technique for controlling penetration with precision in flexible tissues. The technique needs only standard cutting tools and the device uses only a few coupled sensory signals to discriminate the different conditions and states of tissues. Small robots of this type have a future in surgery and demonstrate the power of the mechatronics philosophy leading to a pragmatic solution that is appropriate to a complex environment
in practice. In this paper, the approach taken to apply the drill to cochleostomy is challenging and offers considerable benefit over other forms of penetrating the bone tissue of the cochlea. It is shown that the technique is both tolerant to anatomical variation in tissues and to the trajectory taken with respect to the tissues. This is important as greater tolerance leads to greater consistency in the drilling result and performance of the electrode. There is also potential for reduced complications.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2011, Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice. All rights reserved.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 05:15
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 05:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: cochlear implant; cochleostomy; laser vibrometer; robot surgery; robotics
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090304 Medical Devices
09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/32015

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