Mechatronic feasibility of minimally invasive, atraumatic cochleostomy

Williamson, Tom and Du, Xinli and Bell, Brett and Coulson, Chris and Caversaccio, Marco and Proops, David and Brett, Peter and Weber, Stefan (2014) Mechatronic feasibility of minimally invasive, atraumatic cochleostomy. BioMed Research International, 2014. ISSN 2314-6133

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Robotic assistance in the context of lateral skull base surgery, particularly during cochlear implantation procedures, has been the subject of considerable research over the last decade. The use of robotics during these procedures has the potential to provide significant benefits to the patient by reducing invasiveness when gaining access to the cochlea, as well as reducing intracochlear trauma when performing a cochleostomy. Presented herein is preliminary work on the combination of two robotic systems for reducing invasiveness and trauma in cochlear implantation procedures. A robotic system for minimally invasive inner ear access was combined with a smart drilling tool for robust and safe cochleostomy; evaluation was completed on a single human cadaver specimen. Access to the middle ear was successfully achieved through the facial recess without damage to surrounding anatomical structures; cochleostomy was completed at the planned position with the endosteum remaining intact after drilling as confirmed by microscope evaluation.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under Open Access.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 23:14
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 23:14
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cochlea; Computer Simulation; Ear Canal; Feasibility Studies; Humans; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; Ostomy; Robotics; Torque; General; Otorhinolaryngology; Biophysics, Bioengineering and Medical Instrumentation;
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4003 Biomedical engineering > 400303 Biomechanical engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
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