Water-soluble monodispersed lanthanide oxide submicrospheres: PVP-assisted hydrothermal synthesis, size-control and luminescence properties

Cui, Ying and Lai, Xiaoyong and Li, Li and Hu, Zhudong and Wang, Shuo and Halpert, Jonathan E. and Yu, Ranbo and Wang, Dan (2012) Water-soluble monodispersed lanthanide oxide submicrospheres: PVP-assisted hydrothermal synthesis, size-control and luminescence properties. ChemPhysChem, 13 (10). pp. 2610-2614. ISSN 1439-4235

Abstract

We report a facile hydrothermal synthetic route to prepare a class of monodispersed lanthanide-based compound submicrospheres with controllable size, which employs raw lanthanide oxides as starting material, urea as precipitator and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) as surfactant. Dependent on the intrinsic properties of respective lanthanide, the resulting products could be in the form of oxide, hydroxide or basic carbonate. These lanthanide hydroxides or basic carbonates can be easily transformed into their corresponding oxides by calcination, retaining the same morphology and size dispersion. The formation mechanism of these lanthanide-based compound submicrospheres is investigated and PVP plays a critical role in forming uniform and well-dispersed products. Furthermore, this method could be extended to a binary system by using two kinds of lanthanide oxides as starting material, resulting in doped-type lanthanide oxide submicrospheres (such as Y 2O 3:Eu 3+). The Y 2O 3:Eu 3+ submicrospheres exhibit nearly uniform spherical morphology and narrow size distribution as well as good water solubility and sharp spectral emission at 610 nm (corresponding to the 5D 0-7F 2 transition of Eu 3+). This makes them attractive materials for applications in fields such as fluorescent lamps, field emission displays (FEDs) or LCDs, or as biomedical labels and molecular probes. Easy! A facile hydrothermal synthetic route is presented to prepare a class of monodispersed lanthanide-based compound submicrospheres with controllable size (see picture). The method only employs raw lanthanide oxides as starting material, urea as precipitator and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) as surfactant.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 04:52
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2017 04:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrothermal synthesis; lanthanides; luminescence; materials science; monodispersed submicrosphere;
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural) > 030699 Physical Chemistry not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201100806
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31979

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