The electrowinning of zinc from sodium hydroxide solutions

Zhang, Yucheng and Deng, Jinxia and Chen, Jun and Yu, Ranbo and Xing, Xianran (2014) The electrowinning of zinc from sodium hydroxide solutions. Hydrometallurgy, 146. pp. 59-63. ISSN 0304-386X

Abstract

Electrodeposition of zinc in the sodium hydroxide solutions on a stainless steel cathode was systematically investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry in this paper. It was revealed that the deposition process was controlled by mass transport, and the diffusion coefficient of Zn(OH)4 2 - ions was 3.22 × 10 - 6 cm2/s. Meanwhile, the cathode process was studied at different potentials as well. It was the charging process of electrochemical double layers at potential in a range from - 1.1 V to - 1.4 V (vs. SCE). However, nucleation and diffusion of Zn(OH)4 2 - ions were the dominating processes at potential from - 1.47 V to - 1.56 V (vs. SCE). The nucleation process was promoted, and the steady diffusion current improved with the increasing potential. Remarkably, the hydrogen ions were reduced fiercely on cathode at - 1.7 V and - 1.8 V (vs. SCE). Furthermore, the current efficiency was also discussed at different electrowinning times and current densities. An energy waste period was found at the beginning of electrowinning, which was caused by hydrogen evolution, and the current efficiency increased to the maximum (current efficiency peak) slowly at 500 A/m2. Nevertheless, the results showed that the current efficiency peak was highest and it was fastest to reach the peak when the applied current density was near the limiting diffusion current density, 95.7 A/m2.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2017 04:25
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2017 04:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: Current efficiency; Diffusion coefficient; Nucleation potential; Sodium hydroxide; Zinc electrowinning; Chronopotentiometry; Current efficiency; Limiting diffusion current; Nucleation process; Sodium hydroxide solutions; Sodium hydroxides; Stainless steel cathodes;
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy > 091499 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2014.03.006
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31959

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