First comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the genus Erysiphe (Erysiphales, Erysiphaceae) II. The Uncinula lineage

Takamatsu, Susumu and Ito, Hanako and Shiroya, Yoshiaki and Kiss, Levente and Heluta, Vasyl (2015) First comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the genus Erysiphe (Erysiphales, Erysiphaceae) II. The Uncinula lineage. Mycologia, 107 (5). pp. 903-914. ISSN 0027-5514

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships of the Uncinula lineage, which is the basal group in the genus Erysiphe, were investigated with 167 sequences of nuc ITS1-5. 8S-ITS2 and the 28S rDNA regions. Backbone tree analyses with six datasets and two tree-constructing methods revealed that the Uncinula lineage is divided into seven distinct clades. Clades 1-5 each contained a representative powdery mildew species, namely E. australiana in Clade 1, E. liquidambaris in Clade 2, E. adunca in Clade 3, E. fraxinicola in Clade 4 and E. actinidiae in Clade 5. Clade 6 comprises 71 sequences including the Microsphaera lineage and 17 species of the Uncinula lineage, such as E. carpinicola, E. carpinilaxiflorae, E. miyabei, E. glycines and E. necator. Topology tests supported the Microsphaera lineage forming a monophyletic clade in Clade 6, suggesting that Microsphaera-type appendages appeared only once in this clade to diverge into the Microsphaera lineage. Clade 7 consists of 72 sequences containing 30 species, including species of sects. Californiomyces and Typhulochaeta, four species from Nothofagus, species of sect. Erysiphe parasitising herbaceous plants belonging to the Asteraceae, Rosaceae and Saxifragaceae. Molecular clock analysis suggests that the major seven clades appeared 50-30 million years ago (Ma) in the Paleogene Period. The Microsphaera lineage may have split from the Uncinula lineage at the boundary of the Paleogene and Neogene, when appendages with dichotomously branched tips appeared. The clade of the species on Nothofagus split from the northern hemisphere species about 20-10 million years ago (Ma) in the Miocene Epoch, and host-shift from trees to herbs also might have occurred in this period.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy. However, article can be freely accessed through the publisher's website at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.3852/15-062?needAccess=true
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 05:28
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 05:28
Uncontrolled Keywords: 28S rDNA; appendage; host relationship; ITS; molecular clock; Powdery mildew; Ascomycota; phylogeny; plant diseases; plants; RNA, fungal; RNA, ribosomal, 28S; species specificity; applied microbiology and technology; methods and techniques; taxonomy and systematics
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0605 Microbiology > 060505 Mycology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3852/15-062
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31882

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