The role of superstition among professional footballers in Ghana

Ofori, Patrick Kwaku and Biddle, Stuart ORCID: and Lavallee, David (2013) The role of superstition among professional footballers in Ghana. In: Athletic insight's writings of 2012. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., United States, pp. 117-127. ISBN 9781626181205


Superstitious behavior and beliefs are evident in all sports. The present study examines the self-report of superstitious behavior among 120 male professional footballers in Ghana. The Superstitious Ritual Questionnaire and Sport Attribution Style Scale were the instruments used to measured superstitious behavior and attribution styles of elite Ghanaian footballers. Significant negative correlations (p<. 05) were found between number of rituals and scores for positive-internality (-0.27) and negativeinternality (-0.17). A significant positive correlation was found between superstitious behavior and positive-controllability (0.20). Simple correlations and multiple regression showed that scores for attribution styles significantly but weakly predicted scores on the Superstition Ritual Questionnaire, accounting for 11% of the variance with the latter measured. This is important in understanding professional footballers' usage of superstitious rituals. Follow up work needs to address cross-cultural differences among Africans and Western professional athletes.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2017 23:02
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 00:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attribution style; Pre-performance routines and Ghana; Professional footballers; Rituals; Sport; Superstitious behavior;
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified

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