Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore

Sloan, Robert A. and Sawada, Susumu S. and Girdano, Daniel and Liu, Yi Tong and Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Blair, Steven N. (2013) Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore. BMC Public Health, 13. pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

Background: Emerging evidence suggests the adverse association between sedentary behavior (SB) and physical with mental health, but few studies have investigated the relationship between volume of physical activity and psychological distress. The present study examined the independent and interactive associations of daily SB and weekly level of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with psychological distress in a multi-ethnic Asian population.

Methods. De-identified data of 4,337 adults (18-79 years old) on sedentary behaviors, physical activity patterns, psychological distresses, and other relevant variables were obtained from the Singapore Ministry of Health's 2010 National Health Survey. Psychological distress was assessed using General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), whereas total daily SB and total weekly volume (MET/minutes) of MVPA were estimated using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ v2). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to estimate the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of the independent and interactive relationships of SB and MVPA with prevalence of psychological distress.

Results: The category of high SB was positively associated with increased odds (OR = 1.29, 1.04-1.59) for psychological distress, whereas the category of active was inversely associated with lower odds (OR = 0.73, 0.62-0.86) for psychological distress. Multivariate analyses for psychological distress by combined daily SB and weekly MVPA levels showed inverse associations between middle SB and active categories (OR = 0.58, 0.45 - 0.74) along with low SB and active categories (OR = 0.61, 0.47-0.80).

Conclusions: The present population-based cross-sectional study indicated that in the multi-ethnic Asian society of Singapore, a high level of SB was independently associated with psychological distress and meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity along with ≤ 5 h/day of SB was associated with the lowest odds of psychological distress.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under open access.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 May 2017 06:24
Last Modified: 03 May 2017 07:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: cross-sectional; physical activity; psychological distress; sedentary behavior; Singapore
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-885
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31834

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