The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity among young girls: a meta-analysis

Biddle, Stuart J. H. ORCID: and Pearson, Natalie and Braithwaite, Rock (2014) The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity among young girls: a meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 62. pp. 119-131. ISSN 0091-7435


Context: Pre-adolescent girls are an important target population for physical activity behaviour change as it may enhance tracking into the crucial period of adolescence. The quantification of intervention effectiveness for this age group of girls has not been previously reported. Evidence acquisition: Studies published in English up to and including August 2013 were located from computerised (MedLine, PsychInfo, Science Direct, Web of Science, EPPI centre databases, and Cochrane Library database) and manual searches. Intervention studies aimed at promoting physical activity, which included pre-adolescent girls aged 5-11. years, and a non-physical activity control/comparison group were included. Evidence synthesis: A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. The average treatment effect for pre-adolescent girls involved in physical activity interventions was significant but small (g = 0.314, p < .001). Moderator analyses showed larger effects for interventions that catered for girls only and used educational and multicomponent strategies. Conclusions: Interventions to increase physical activity in pre-adolescent girls show small but significant effects, suggesting that behaviour change may be challenging, but results suggest some strategies that could be successful. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 10 May 2017 23:22
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 23:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Girls; Interventions; Meta-analysis; Physical activity; Systematic review; Child; Child, Preschool; Comparative Effectiveness Research; Female; Health Behavior; Health Education; Health Promotion; Humans; Intervention Studies; Motor Activity; Sex Factors; Physiology; Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery;
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
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