Compatibilization of polypropylene/corn starch plasticized with diethanol amine

Qiu, Jiahao and Song, Pingan and Fu, Shenyuan and Ge, Xianxun and Huang, Bing and Feng, Jiabing (2013) Compatibilization of polypropylene/corn starch plasticized with diethanol amine. Advanced Materials Research, 610-613. pp. 475-479. ISSN 1022-6680

Abstract

In the presented paper, diethanol amine is employed to plasticize corn starch, and plasticized starch is incorporated into polypropylene to create semibio-based composites with the aid of compatibilizer, maleic anhydride-grafted PP (PPMA). Compared with PP/starch blend, the presence of diethanol amine changes the morphology and increases the plasticity of starch due to the reduction effect of intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. Adding PPMA could reduce the dispersed size of starch granules in the polymer matrix due to in situ reactive compatibilization. Addition of 30 wt% PPMA decreases the starch granules size from ~10 μm to ~5 μm, and increases the tensile strength from 16 MPa for PP/plasticized starch to 30 MPa, increased by 87.5%. Thus, as-created bio-composites with improved mechanical properties will find many potential applications such as packaging.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 22:25
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 00:17
Uncontrolled Keywords: polypropylene; corn starch; compatibilization; mechanical properties
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0908 Food Sciences > 090804 Food Packaging, Preservation and Safety
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.475
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31632

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