Food groups and fatty acids associated with self-reported depression: An analysis from the Australian National Nutrition and Health Surveys

Meyer, Barbara J. and Kolanu, Nithin and Griffiths, David A. and Grounds, Ben and Howe, Peter R. C. and Kreis, Irene A. (2013) Food groups and fatty acids associated with self-reported depression: An analysis from the Australian National Nutrition and Health Surveys. Nutrition, 29 (7-8). pp. 1042-1047. ISSN 0899-9007


Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the associations between incidence of depression and dietary intakes of foods and fatty acids in adult Australians. Methods: Data from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS), the 1995 Australian National Health Survey (NHS) and an updated fatty acid database were merged and the 24-h fatty acid intakes were calculated for the 10 986 adult participants ages 18 to 79y in the 1995 NNS. The merged data set was used to run a logistic regression with depression as the response variable and the food groups and calculated fatty acid values, age, and sex as predictors. Results: The regression model indicated that increased intakes per kilojoule of meat, poultry, and game; vegetables; and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are associated with lower odds of having depression, whereas increased intakes of non-alcoholic beverages, milk products and dishes, and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) are associated with an increase in the odds of having depression. The results confirm a collective effect of diet on mood. Although other studies have shown that fish consumption is associated with lower odds of depression, this study showed lower odds of depression with high meat consumption, possibly reflecting the fact that Australians consume six times more meat than fish. Conclusion: Significant associations between food and mood identified in this study warrant further research to determine causality.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 06:53
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 06:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression; EPA; Food groups; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Surveys; Public Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology; Psychiatry;
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111103 Nutritional Physiology
Fields of Research (2020): 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3210 Nutrition and dietetics > 321004 Nutritional science
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
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