Nut consumption for vascular health and cognitive function

Barbour, Jayne A. and Howe, Peter R. C. and Buckley, Jonathan D. and Bryan, Janet and Coates, Alison M. (2014) Nut consumption for vascular health and cognitive function. Nutrition Research Reviews, 27 (1). pp. 131-158. ISSN 0954-4224

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Abstract

Nuts are rich in many nutrients that can benefit multiple cardiometabolic functions, including arterial compliance, blood pressure, inflammation, glucoregulation and endothelial vasodilatation. Impaired vasodilatation may contribute to impaired cognitive performance due to poor cerebral perfusion. The present narrative review examines associations between nut consumption, vascular health and cognitive function. It includes a systematic search which identified seventy-one epidemiological or intervention studies in which effects of chronic nut consumption on blood pressure, glucoregulation, endothelial vasodilator function, arterial compliance, inflammatory biomarkers and cognitive performance were evaluated. Weighted mean changes were estimated where data were available; they indicate that nut consumption reduces blood pressure and improves glucoregulation, endothelial vasodilator function and inflammation, whilst a limited number of studies suggest that nut consumption may also improve cognitive performance. Further clinical trials are warranted to explore relationships between nut consumption, endothelial function and cognitive function.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 00:14
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 05:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognition; Endothelial function; Inflammation; Nuts; Vascular function; Blood Glucose; Blood Pressure; Cardiovascular Diseases; Cognition; Diet; Endothelium, Vascular; Humans; Inflammation; Nuts; Vasodilation
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1017/S0954422414000079
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31583

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