Lower energy intake following consumption of Hi-oleic and regular peanuts compared with iso-energetic consumption of potato crisps

Barbour, Jayne A. and Howe, Peter R. C. and Buckley, Jonathan D. and Wright, Graeme C. and Bryan, Janet and Coates, Alison M. (2014) Lower energy intake following consumption of Hi-oleic and regular peanuts compared with iso-energetic consumption of potato crisps. Appetite, 82. pp. 124-130. ISSN 0195-6663


Snack foods can contribute a high proportion of energy intake to the diet. Peanuts are a snack food rich in unsaturated fatty acids, protein and fibre which have demonstrated satiety effects and may reduce total energy intake, despite their high energy density. This study examined the effects of consuming Hi-oleic (oleic acid ~75% of total fatty acids) peanuts and regular peanuts (oleic acid ~50% and higher in polyunsaturated fatty acids) compared with a high carbohydrate snack (potato crisps) on satiety and subsequent energy intake. Using a triple crossover study design, 24 participants (61 ± 1 years) consumed iso-energetic amounts (56-84 g) of Hi-oleic or regular peanuts or (60-90 g) potato crisps after an overnight fast. Hunger and satiety were assessed at baseline, 30, 60, 120 and 180 minutes following snack consumption using visual analogue scales, after which a cold buffet meal was freely consumed and energy intake measured. The same snack was consumed on 3 subsequent days with energy intake assessed from dietary records. This protocol was repeated weekly with each snack food. Total energy intake was lower following consumption of Hi-oleic and regular peanuts compared with crisps, both acutely during the buffet meal (-21%; p <.001 and -17%; p <.01) and over the 4 days (-11%; p <.001 and -9%; p <.01). Despite these reductions in energy intake, no differences in perceived satiety were observed. The findings suggest peanuts may be a preferred snack food to include in the diet for maintaining a healthy weight.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2017 23:51
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 23:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy intake; Nuts; Satiety; Snack food; Aged; Arachis hypogaea; Body Mass Index; Cross-Over Studies; Dietary Fats; Dietary Fiber; Dietary Proteins; Double-Blind Method; Energy Intake; Fatty Acids; Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; Female; Food Habits; Food Handling; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Intervention Studies; Male; Middle Aged; Oleic Acids; Questionnaires; Satiation; Solanum tuberosum
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110199 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3205 Medical biochemistry and metabolomics > 320599 Medical biochemistry and metabolomics not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.07.015
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31576

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