Acute effects of a dietary non-starch polysaccharide supplement on cognitive performance in healthy middle-aged adults

Best, Talitha and Howe, Peter and Bryan, Janet and Buckley, Jonathan and Scholey, Andrew (2015) Acute effects of a dietary non-starch polysaccharide supplement on cognitive performance in healthy middle-aged adults. Nutritional Neuroscience, 18 (2). pp. 76-86. ISSN 1028-415X

Abstract

Objective: Certain plant polysaccharides may provide psychological health benefits. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether they can acutely improve mood and cognitive function. Method: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, between subjects design trial, 73 middle-aged adults consumed 4 g of a proprietary mixture of non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) (Ambrotose® complex), a rice flour placebo, or a sucrose control. Participants completed testing at baseline and 30 minutes post-consumption. Acute effects of consumption on mood, cognition, and blood glucose were evaluated during mental tests designed to induce mental fatigue. Results: Significant improvement in recognition and working memory performance was observed in the group that consumed NSP compared with placebo or sucrose. Improvements in memory performance following NSP intake were independent of changes in blood glucose. Discussion: This is the first report of acute behavioural improvement following plant polysaccharide intake in healthy middle-aged adults under conditions of mental fatigue. The findings suggest that certain NSP may enhance memory performance through mechanisms other than elevated blood glucose.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 31574
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 07:02
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 01:16
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory, cognition, middle-aged adults, saccharides, arabinogalactan, plant polysaccharides, dietary polysaccharides
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1179/1476830513Y.0000000101
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31574

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only