Poor cerebrovascular function is an early marker of cognitive decline in healthy postmenopausal women

Wong, Rachel H. X. and Evans, Hamish M. and Howe, Peter R. C. (2016) Poor cerebrovascular function is an early marker of cognitive decline in healthy postmenopausal women. Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions, 2 (3). pp. 162-168.

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Abstract

Introduction Impairment of cerebrovascular function becomes evident after menopause. No study has yet explored relationships between deficits in cerebrovascular function, cognitive performance, and mood in postmenopausal women. Method Cerebrovascular function was assessed in 80 healthy postmenopausal women by monitoring blood flow velocity (BFV) in the middle and posterior cerebral arteries using transcranial Doppler ultrasound at rest, following a hypercapnic challenge, and during performance of a cognitive test battery; the latter assessed domains of memory and executive functions. Various measures of mood (i.e., Profile of Mood States and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) were also assessed. Results Cerebral artery elasticity and BFV responsiveness to cognitive tests (neurovascular coupling) correlated with cognitive performance but not with depressive symptoms or mood states. Mood deficits were related to poor cognitive performance. Conclusion These results highlight the importance of adequate cerebral perfusion for optimized cognitive function in healthy postmenopausal women. Preventative strategies to attenuate accelerated cognitive decline should also consider restoring cerebrovascular function.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: �c. 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the Alzheimer’s Association. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 05:51
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 05:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: cerebrovascular function; cognition; depression; menopause; mood; pulsatility index;
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.trci.2016.07.003
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31554

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