Through-thickness air permeability of woven fabric under low pressure compression

Xiao, Xueliang and Hu, Jinlian and Hua, Tao and Zeng, Xuesen and Long, Andrew (2015) Through-thickness air permeability of woven fabric under low pressure compression. Textile Research Journal, 85 (16). pp. 1732-1742. ISSN 0040-5175


Through-thickness permeability (TTP) is one primary property of technical textiles used in air-related applications, such as filtration and protection. The TTP depends on the textile geometrical factors and usually varies according to the test conditions. In this article, the effect of low air pressure compression (LPC) on TTP of woven fabric was investigated. Nine woven fabrics were measured for the relationships of LPC and thickness, LPC and fabric in-plane dimensions, air pressure drop (APD) and air velocity, as well as LPC and fabric TTP. A dramatic decrease of woven fabric thickness was found below the APD value of 200 Pa and less decreased thickness was observed with a continued increase of APD. The variation of fabric in-planar dimensions was found to be negligible during LPC. The plot relationship of the APD and measured air velocity was presented in linearity for most fabric samples. The fabric TTP showed a linear proportion to the fabric thickness, indicating the fabric to be more permeable with the increase of thickness. A sensitivity study showed an evident difference between using fabric constant and decreased (LPC) thickness in calculating TTP, disclosing the importance of compression in fabric TTP evaluation.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 31542
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 23:48
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 05:27
Uncontrolled Keywords: air permeability; compression; through-thickness direction; woven fabric; fabric thickness; geometrical factors; low air pressure; sensitivity studies; technical textiles; through-thickness; through-thickness permeability; atmospheric properties; powder metallurgy operations; chemical products; synthetic and natural fibers; textile technology
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090102 Aerospace Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4001 Aerospace engineering > 400101 Aerospace materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI:

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only