Through-thickness permeability study of orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics

Xiao, Xueliang and Endruweit, Andreas and Zeng, Xuesen and Hu, Jinlian and Long, Andrew (2015) Through-thickness permeability study of orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics. Journal of Materials Science, 50 (3). pp. 1257-1266. ISSN 0022-2461

[img]
Preview
Text (Submitted version)
Manuscript JMS - XZ AE AL.pdf

Download (1185Kb) | Preview

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) woven textiles, including orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics, exhibit high inter-laminar strength in addition to good in-plane mechanical properties and are particularly suitable for lightweight structural applications. Resin transfer moulding (RTM) is a cost-effective manufacturing process for composites with 3D-woven reinforcement. With increasing preform thickness, the influence of through-thickness permeability on RTM processing of composites becomes increasingly significant. This study proposes an analytical model for prediction of the through-thickness permeability, based on Poiseuille’s law for hydraulic ducts approximating realistic flow channel geometries in woven fabrics. The model is applied to four 3D-woven fabrics and three 2D-woven fabrics. The geometrical parameters of the fabrics were characterized by employing optical microscopy. For validation, the through-thickness permeability was determined experimentally. The equivalent permeability of inter-yarn gaps was found to account for approximately 90 % of the through-thickness permeability for the analysed fabrics. The analytical predictions agree well with the experimental data of the seven fabrics.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 31541
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to submitted version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 01:40
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 01:27
Uncontrolled Keywords: analytical predictions; angle-interlock woven fabrics; equivalent permeability; flow channel geometries; in-plane mechanical properties; manufacturing process; structural applications; through-thickness permeability; fluid flow, plastics processing; fiber products; textile products and processing; operations research; applied mathematics; materials science
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s10853-014-8683-4
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31541

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only