Dynamic response of orthogonal three-dimensional woven carbon composite beams under soft impact

Turner, P. and Liu, T. and Zeng, X. (2015) Dynamic response of orthogonal three-dimensional woven carbon composite beams under soft impact. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 82 (12). ISSN 0021-8936


This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation into the dynamic response of three-dimensional (3D) orthogonal woven carbon composites undergoing soft impact. Composite beams of two different fiber architectures, varying only by the density of through-thickness reinforcement, were centrally impacted by metallic foam projectiles. Using high-speed photography, the center-point back-face deflection was measured as a function of projectile impulse. Qualitative comparisons are made with a similar unidirectional (UD) laminate material. No visible delamination occurred in orthogonal 3D woven samples, and beam failure was caused by tensile fiber fracture at the gripped ends. This contrasts with UD carbon-fiber laminates, which exhibit a combination of widespread delamination and tensile fracture. Post impact clamped-clamped beam bending tests were undertaken across the range of impact velocities tested to investigate any internal damage within the material. Increasing impact velocity caused a reduction of beam stiffness: this phenomenon was more pronounced in composites with a higher density of through-thickness reinforcement. A three-dimensional finite-element modeling strategy is presented and validated, showing excellent agreement with the experiment in terms of back-face deflection and damage mechanisms. The numerical analyses confirm negligible influence from through-thickness reinforcement in regard to back-face deflection, but show significant reductions in delamination damage propagation. Finite-element modeling was used to demonstrate the significant structural enhancements provided by the through-The-thickness (TTT) weave. The contributions to the field made by this research include the characterization of 3D woven composite materials under high-speed soft impact, and the demonstration of how established finite-element modeling methodologies can be applied to the simulation of orthogonal woven textile composite materials undergoing soft-impact loading.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 05:13
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 05:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D woven composite; elamination; finite element; high-speed impact; material rate dependence; 3D woven composites; high speed impact; Material rate dependences; numerical investigations; structural enhancements; three dimensional finite element model; threedimensional (3-d); through-thickness reinforcements; concrete; other structural materials; strength of building baterials; test equipment and methods; photography; textile products and processing; numerical methods; materials science
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031455
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31536

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