SVM and ANFIS for prediction of performance and exhaust emissions of a SI engine with gasoline-ethanol blended fuels

Najafi, G. and Ghobadian, B. and Moosavian, A. and Yusaf, T. and Mamat, R. and Kettner, M. and Azmi, W. H. (2016) SVM and ANFIS for prediction of performance and exhaust emissions of a SI engine with gasoline-ethanol blended fuels. Applied Thermal Engineering, 95. pp. 186-203. ISSN 1359-4311


This paper studies the use of support vector machine (SVM) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) to predict the performance parameters and the exhaust emissions of a spark ignition (SI) engine, which operates on ethanol-gasoline blends of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% called E0, E5, E10, E15 and E20, respectively. In the experiments, the engine was run at various speeds for each test fuel, and 45 different test conditions were created. In comparison with gasoline fuel, the brake power, the engine torque, the brake thermal efficiency, and the volumetric efficiency increased using ethanol blends, while the brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) decreased. Moreover, the concentration of CO and HC in the exhaust pipe decreased after ethanol blends were introduced, but CO2 and NOX emissions increased. In order to predict the engine parameters, all the experimental data were randomly divided into training and testing data. For SVM modelling, different values for the radial basis function (RBF) kernel width and the penalty parameters (C) were considered, and the optimum values were then found. For ANFIS modelling, the Gaussian curve membership function (gaussmf) and 200 training epochs were found to be the optimum choices for the training process. The results showed that the SVM predicted the engine performance and the exhaust emissions with the correlation coefficient (R) and the accuracy in the ranges of 0.660-1 and 65.310-99.330%, respectively, while these same parameters were in the ranges of 0.760-1 and 79.270-98.810%, respectively, for the ANFIS. The results demonstrate that the SVM and ANFIS are capable of predicting the SI engine performance and emissions. However, the performance of the ANFIS is significantly higher than that of the SVM.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 01:55
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2017 02:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: ANFIS; engine performance; ethanol-gasoline blends; exhaust emissions; SVM
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.11.009

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