Memory and communication support in dementia: research-based strategies for caregivers

Smith, Erin R. and Broughton, Megan and Baker, Rosemary and Pachana, Nancy A. and Angwin, Anthony J. and Humphreys, Michael S. and Mitchell, Leander and Byrne, Gerard J. and Copland, David A. and Gallois, Cindy and Hegney, Desley and Chenery, Helen J. (2011) Memory and communication support in dementia: research-based strategies for caregivers. International Psychogeriatrics, 23 (2). pp. 256-263. ISSN 1041-6102

Abstract

Background: Difficulties with memory and communication are prominent and distressing features of dementia which impact on the person with dementia and contribute to caregiver stress and burden. There is a need to provide caregivers with strategies to support and maximize memory and communication abilities in people with dementia. In this project, a team of clinicians, researchers and educators in neuropsychology, psychogeriatrics, nursing and speech pathology translated research-based knowledge from these fields into a program of practical strategies for everyday use by family and professional caregivers. Methods: From the available research evidence, the project team identified compensatory or facilitative strategies to assist with common areas of difficulty, and structured these under the mnemonics RECAPS (for memory) and MESSAGE (for communication). This information was adapted for presentation in a DVD-based education program in accordance with known characteristics of effective caregiver education. Results: The resultant DVD comprises (1) information on the nature and importance of memory and communication in everyday life; (2) explanations of common patterns of difficulty and preserved ability in memory and communication across the stages of dementia; (3) acted vignettes demonstrating the strategies, based on authentic samples of speech in dementia; and (4) scenarios to prompt the viewer to consider the benefits of using the strategies. Conclusion: Using a knowledge-translation framework, information and strategies can be provided to family and professional caregivers to help them optimize residual memory and communication in people with dementia. Future development of the materials, incorporating consumer feedback, will focus on methods for enabling wider dissemination. © 2010 International Psychogeriatric Association.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 02:43
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2017 03:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: aged care; cognitive rehabilitation; communication skills; community care; knowledge translation; nursing; Gerontology and Geriatrics; NErvous system and sense organs; Neurology and Neurosurgery; Higher nervous funditon disorders; Dementia;
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111702 Aged Health Care
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170204 Linguistic Processes (incl. Speech Production and Comprehension)
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services
C Society > 92 Health > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920112 Neurodegenerative Disorders Related to Ageing
C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920202 Carer Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1017/S1041610210001845
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31189

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