Hydroxyethylcellulose surface treatment of natural fibres: the new 'twist' in yarn preparation and optimization for composites applicability

Shah, Darshil U. and Schubel, Peter J. and Licence, Peter and Clifford, Mike J. (2012) Hydroxyethylcellulose surface treatment of natural fibres: the new 'twist' in yarn preparation and optimization for composites applicability. Journal of Materials Science, 47 (6). pp. 2700-2711. ISSN 0022-2461


The use of low-cost renewable natural fibres as reinforcements for structural composites is attractive but requires specific considerations over that of textile industry requirements. Textile yarns are twisted for processability and increased tensile strength. However, reinforcements employing twisted yarns produce poorer composites due to hindered yarn impregnation, inadequate wettability and compromised orientation efficiency. Whilst assessing the physical properties of select plant fibre yarns that determine reinforcement/composite properties, a strong correlation between yarn twist and compaction is observed. This manuscript also examines a novel plant fibre treatment method using hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC). HEC treatment not only enables intra and inter-yarn binding thus allowing easy preparation of aligned fabrics, but also improves yarn mechanical properties whilst maintaining physical properties such as low twist. It is noticed that low twist yarns are more responsive to HEC treatment; the tenacity and stiffness of low twist flax is observed to increase by 230 and 75%, respectively.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 04:38
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2017 04:38
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural fibres, physical properties, surface modification, mechanical properties
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-011-6096-1
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31025

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