Furan matrix and flax fibre as a sustainable renewable composite: mechanical and fire-resistant properties in comparison to phenol, epoxy and polyester

Crossley, Richard and Schubel, Peter and Stevenson, Anthony (2014) Furan matrix and flax fibre as a sustainable renewable composite: mechanical and fire-resistant properties in comparison to phenol, epoxy and polyester. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 33 (1). pp. 58-68. ISSN 0731-6844

Abstract

Due to environmental and fossil fuel supply concerns, Polyfurfuryl alcohol or ‘furan’ resin has recently gained attention as a renewable alternative thermoset resin with reduced CO2 emissions in comparison to existing petrochemical based systems. When combined with natural flax fibres it offers the potential to produce a fully bio-derived sustainable composite with structural mechanical capabilities and fire resistant properties. In this study the mechanical properties of furan flax and E-glass fibre laminates are characterised and directly compared to polyester, epoxy and phenolic laminates produced using identical materials and methods. In addition the acidity and fire resistant properties are also compared. Furan resin E-glass laminates wereas found to have excellent mechanical properties, equal to existing resin systems; with excellent fire resistant properties equal to that of phenolic and far exceeding polyester and epoxy performance. However, both phenolic and furan flax laminates were found to give reduced mechanical performance in comparison to polyester and epoxy. This reduction in strength was attributed mostly to micro voids surrounding elementary flax fibres believed to be the result of post cured fibre shrinkage due to moisture uptake.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 06:15
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2017 06:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: biocomposite, impact behaviour, mechanical properties, resin transfer moulding
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/0731684413502108
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/31012

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