Global lessons from successful rhinoceros conservation in Nepal

Aryal, Achyut and Acharya, Krishna Prasad and Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Dhakal, Maheshwar and Raubenhiemer, David and Wright, Wendy (2017) Global lessons from successful rhinoceros conservation in Nepal. Conservation Biology, 31 (6). ISSN 0888-8892

Abstract

Global populations of rhinoceros have declined alarmingly, from about 500,000 at the beginning of the 20th century to 29,000 in 2016, largely due to an escalation of poaching for rhinoceros horn (Traffic 2016; Biggs et al. 2013). The current global rhino population is comprised of three Asian Species and two African species, the latter located in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe,. In Africa, the Southern white rhinoceros population is estimated at 20,700; and there are estimated to be around 4,885 black rhinoceros. The greater one-horned rhinoceros, found in Nepal and India, has a population of approximately 3,555. The other Asian rhino species are confined to Indonesia and have much lower numbers; there are fewer than 100 Sumatran rhinos and only 58–61 Javan rhinos. The number of African rhino killed by poachers in the last ten years is estimated at 5,957 (Traffic 2016; Emslie et al. 2013; Poaching fact2016), about 1,338 of these were taken in 2015, a year in which the highest number of rhino were taken since the late 1980s (Traffic 2016; Gaworecki 2016; Figure 1). At current poaching rates, Africa’s rhino populations may be extinct within 20 years (Di Minin et al. 2015). The Sumatran and Javan rhino populations continue to decline due to habitat destruction, poaching and inbreeding (Save the Rhino, 2016b) pushing them to the verge of extinction.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copy of publication not accessible until April 2018.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2017 05:53
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 05:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rhinoceros, Nepal, Africa, Conservation
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12894
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30942

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