'Be active!' Revisiting the South African food-based dietary guideline for activity

Botha, C. R. and Wright, H. H. and Moss, Sarah and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. (2013) 'Be active!' Revisiting the South African food-based dietary guideline for activity. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 26 (3 (Supplement)). S18-S27. ISSN 1607-0658

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Abstract

The objective of this paper was to review current evidence on physical activity for health in order to support the food-based dietary guideline (FBDG) “Be active!”. Physical activity, defined as at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day for adults, and 60 minutes for children and adolescents, is advised in the FBDG because of the role it plays in maintaining energy balance, improving body composition and promoting general health and wellbeing. The reviewed outcome measures are changes in physical activity patterns and the reported prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in South Africa. Despite the previous set of FBDGs, no improvements in physical activity, obesity or NCDs have been reported in South Africa. Recent literature emphasises the beneficial effects of physical activity on the reduction of risk factors associated with the prevalence of NCDs. Physical activity has a positive effect on appetite and weight control, insulin sensitivity, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, stress relief and burnout. Barriers that prevent children and adults from participating in regular physical activity have been identified, and recommendations how to overcome these have been made. It has been concluded that South Africans are not sufficiently physically active for their general health status to be improved. It is recommended that methods to promote physical activity at national, provincial, district and local level need to be developed, implemented and sustained.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under open access.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Nursing
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 05:49
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2017 01:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical activity participation, non-communicable disease, South Africa, public health
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30875

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