The relationship between leadership support, workplace health promotion and employee wellbeing in South Africa

Milner, Karen and Greyling, Michael and Goetzel, Ron and da Silva, Roseanne and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy and Patel, Deepak and Nossel, Craig and Beckowski, Meghan (2015) The relationship between leadership support, workplace health promotion and employee wellbeing in South Africa. Health Promotion International , 30 (3). pp. 514-522. ISSN 0957-4824


Leadership support has been identified as an essential component of successful workplace health promotion (WHP)
programs. However, there is little research in this area and
even less theoretical conceptualization on ways in which
leadership support for WHP is related to improved employee
wellbeing. In this paper, we developed and tested a model of leadership support for WHP and employee wellbeing
outcomes using employer and employee data gathered from 71 South African organizations. A theoretical model based on social exchange theory was developed. It was hypothesized that perceptions of company commitment to health promotion mediates the relationship between leadership support, the provision of WHP facilities and employee wellbeing. A hierarchical structural equation modeling technique was used to test the model. We determined that leaders’ support for WHP was important insofar as they also provided health promotion facilities to their employees. No direct relationship was found between leadership support alone and employee wellbeing.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 05:35
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2017 00:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: employee; health promotion programs
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920505 Occupational Health
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1093/heapro/dat064

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