The perceived role and influencers of physical activity among pregnant women from low socioeconomic status communities in South Africa

Muzigaba, Moise and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. and Wong, Fiona (2014) The perceived role and influencers of physical activity among pregnant women from low socioeconomic status communities in South Africa. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11 (7). pp. 1276-1283. ISSN 1543-3080

Abstract

Background: Facility-based and context-specific interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among pregnant women from economically underprivileged communities remain sparse and undocumented in South Africa. This study aimed to generate information about pregnant women’s views and experiences of PA during pregnancy, which will later be used to inform the development of a PA-based intervention targeting this group.

Methods: Qualitative methods were used and framed on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Five focus group discussions were conducted at a Community Health Centre in Cape Town, each comprising a stratified random sample of between 8 and 6 pregnant women living in eight low socioeconomic status communities close to the facility. The participants included primi- and multigravida black and mixed racial ancestry women at different stages of pregnancy. Data were analyzed using a Framework approach.

Results: PA was considered important for self and the baby for most participants. However, they reported a number of barriers for translating intentions into action including the lack of supportive environment, fear of hurting oneself and the growing baby, lack of time due to work and family responsibilities, and not knowing which and how much PA is safe to do. Some of the incentives to engage in PA included establishing community-based group exercise clubs, initiating antenatal PA education and PA sessions during antenatal visits.

Conclusion: Based on our findings the need for an intervention to promote PA in pregnancy is evident. Such an intervention should, however, aim at addressing barriers reported in this study, particularly those related to the behavioral context.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 02:59
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2017 00:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: determinants, pregnancy, poor communities
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111707 Family Care
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Women's Health
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2012-0386
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30855

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