Steps that count: pedometer-measured physical activity, self-reported physical activity and current physical guidelines ‒ how do they relate?

Pillay, J. D. and Kolbe-Alexander, T. L. and Proper, K. I. and Tomaz, S. A and van Mechelen, W. and Lambert, E. V. (2014) Steps that count: pedometer-measured physical activity, self-reported physical activity and current physical guidelines ‒ how do they relate? South African Journal of Sports Medicine, 26 (3). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1015-5163

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Background. The association between self-perceived and actual physical activity, with particular reference to physical activity guidelines, may be an important factor in determining the extent of uptake of and compliance with physical activity. Objectives. To examine the association between self-perceived and actual physical activity in relation to physical activity guidelines, with reference to volume, intensity and duration of steps/day, and to establish the level of agreement between pedometer-measured and selfreported ambulatory physical activity, in relation to current guidelines. Methods. A convenience sample of adults (N=312; mean (standard deviation) age 37 (9) years), wore a pedometer (minimum 3 consecutive days) and completed a questionnaire that included information on physical activity patterns. Analyses of covariance, adjusted for age and gender, compared volume- and intensity-based steps according to meeting/not meeting guidelines (self-reported). The extent of agreement between self-reported and pedometer-measured physical activity was also determined. Results. Average (SD) steps/day were 6 574 (3 541). Of a total of 312 participants’ self-reported data, those meeting guidelines (n=63) accumulated significantly more steps/day than those not meeting guidelines (8 753 (4 251) v. 6 022 (3 114) total steps/day and 1 772 (2 020)v. 421 (1 140) aerobic steps/day, respectively; p<0.0001). More than half of the group who self-reported meeting the guidelines did not meet guidelines as per pedometer data. Conclusion. The use of pedometers as an alternative and/or adjunct to elf-reported measures is an area for consideration. Steps/day recommendations that consider intensity-based steps may provide significant effects in improving fitness and health.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Works License.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 05:39
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 04:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: pedometer; physical activity; guidelines
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: 10.7196/SAJSM.534

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