The relationship between workplace environment and employee health behaviors in a South African workforce

Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy and Greyling, Michael and da Silva, Roseanne and Milner, Karen and Patel, Deepak and Wyper, Lauren and Beckowski, Meghan and Lambert, Estelle V. and Goetzel, Ron (2014) The relationship between workplace environment and employee health behaviors in a South African workforce. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 56 (10). pp. 1094-1099. ISSN 1076-2752


Objective: To determine the relationship between the availability of wellness facilities at worksites and self-reported employee health behaviors (physical activity [PA] and nutrition [NUT]).

Methods: Employers (n = 71) and employees (n = 11472) participated in the South African Healthy Company Index survey. The survey included self-reported clinical measures and lifestyle behaviors.Afacility scorewas calculated, ranging from 0 to 100. Hierarchical linear models were used to calculate the relationship between facility scores and whether employees met PA and NUT guidelines.

Results: The mean total facility score was 58.5 ± 25.5. The number of facilities at each worksite accounted for 5.4% of the variance in PA among employees (r = 0.054; P = 0.036). Higher facility scores were associated with better NUT habits among employees.

Conclusions: Employers providing wellness facilities are likely to have employees with better PA and NUT habits.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 05:07
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2017 00:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical activity; workplace; health promotion
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920505 Occupational Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000236

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