Shear strength properties of plain and spirally profiled cable bolts

Aziz, Naj and Mirzaghorbanali, Ali and Nemcik, Jan and Heeman, Kay and Mayer, Stefan (2015) Shear strength properties of plain and spirally profiled cable bolts. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 52 (10). pp. 1490-1495. ISSN 0008-3674


An experimental investigation into the performance of two 22 mm diameter, 60 t tensile strength capacity Hilti cable bolts in shear was conducted using the double-shear testing apparatus at the laboratory of the School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong. The tested cable bolts were (i) Hilti 19 wire HTT-UXG plain strand and (ii) Hilti 19 wire HTT-IXG spirally profiled (smaller cross-sectional area than the plain one) cable bolt, with indentation only on the surface of the outer strands. These cable bolts are of sealed wire construction type, consisting of an outer 5.5 mm diameter wire layer overlying the middle 3 mm diameter wire strands. Both layers are wrapped around a single solid 7 mm diameter strand wire core. The double-shearing test was carried out in 40 MPa concrete blocks, contained in concrete moulds. Cable bolts were encapsulated in concrete using Orica FB400 pumpable grout. Prior to encapsulation, each cable bolt was pre-tensioned initially to 50 kN axial force. A 500 t capacity servocontrolled compression testing machine was used for both tests, and during each test the vertical shear displacement was limited to 70 mm of travel. The rate of vertical shear displacement was maintained constant at 1 mm/min. The maximum shear load achieved for the plain strand cable was 1024 kN, while the spiral cable peak load was 904 kN, before the cable bolt wires began to individually snap, leading to the cable bolt break-up into two sections. It is apparent that spiral profiles of the outer wires weaken both the tensile and shearing strength. Finally, another set of tests was undertaken using the British Standard single-shear approach, producing lower shear strength values.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2017 04:21
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 02:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: cable bolt, double shearing, shear strength, plain cable, spirally profiled cable
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2014-0504

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