Numerical investigation of nanofluid laminar forced convective heat transfer inside an equilateral triangular tube

Etminan, Amin and Zambri, Harun and Sharifian, Ahmad (2017) Numerical investigation of nanofluid laminar forced convective heat transfer inside an equilateral triangular tube. In: 2016 International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development (CEESD 2016) , 9-11 Dec 2016, Sanya, China.

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In this article distilled water and CuO particles with volume fraction of 1%, 2% and 4% are studied numerically. The steady state flow regime is considered laminar with Reynolds number of 100 and nanoparticles diameters (dp) are set in the range of 20 nm and 80 nm. The hydraulic diameter and the length of equilateral triangular channel are 8 mm and 1000 mm respectively. The problem is solved using finite volume method with constant heat flux for two sides and constant temperature for one side. Convective heat transfer coefficient, Nusselt number and convective heat transfer coefficient distribution on walls are investigated in details. The fluid flow is supposed to be one phase flow. It can be observed that nanofluid leads to a remarkable enhancement on heat transfer coefficient pressure loss through the channel. The computations reveal that the size of nanoparticles has no significant influence on heat transfer properties. Besides, the study shows a good agreement between current results and experimental data in the literatures.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 05:51
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2018 03:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: heat transfer; numerical simulation; nanofluid; nusselt number; laminar flow; triangular pipe
Fields of Research : 10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100707 Nanomanufacturing
09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090102 Aerospace Materials
09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/51/1/012002

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