A comprehensive review of synchronization methods for grid-connected converters of renewable energy source

Jaalam, N. and Rahim, N. A. and Bakar, A. H. A. and Tan, ChiaKwang and Haidar, Ahmed M. A. (2016) A comprehensive review of synchronization methods for grid-connected converters of renewable energy source. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59. pp. 1471-1481. ISSN 1364-0321


Recent interest in the integration of renewable energy sources (RES) into the power grid has raised concerns in synchronization of the various RES. Grid variables such as voltage, phase angle and frequency should be continuously monitored to guarantee correct operation and synchronization of power converters connected to the power grid. Numerous synchronization methods have been presented over the years to address issues such as unbalanced condition and frequency variation. This paper presents a review of past studies on synchronization methods for grid-connected converters together with their control and modeling techniques. Various estimation techniques for phase angle, frequency and harmonic are discussed and examined. Key challenges for a smart and efficient synchronization are briefly overviewed and possible future works are also recommended. A consolidated review is the particular focus of this paper, as is the provision of information on the best method for synchronizing grid-connected converters.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 00:14
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2017 04:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: grid synchronization; grid-connected converter; phase angle estimation; frequency estimation; phase-locked loop
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090699 Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.066
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30622

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