Development of a mini core collection from Sri Lankan traditional rice for flowering time variation

Rathnathunga, Udari and Senanayake, Gamini and Dissanayake, Nimal and Seneweera, Saman and Geekiyanage, Sudarshanee (2016) Development of a mini core collection from Sri Lankan traditional rice for flowering time variation. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 10 (9). pp. 1357-1367. ISSN 1835-2693

Abstract

Sri Lankan traditional rice germplasm (Oryza sativa indica) consists of a wide variety of morphology and days to flowering (DF). The objective of this research was to develop a mini core collection representing the DF variation of the total collection. Three hundred and eighty four rice accessions from 53 Sri Lankan traditional rice varieties were evaluated for morphological and flowering time variation. The experiment was carried at Rice Research and Development Institute, Bathalagoda, Sri Lanka during the late short day season (Maha), 2012/2013.Three hundred and forty five accessions flowered and 39 accessions did not flower during the experimental period of 210 days. Two principal component analyses (PCA) were performed and subsequently 2 dendograms were developed for flowered and not flowered accessions. Sixty eight percent of total observed variation was explained through 6 principal components (PC’s) by DF and fourteen quantitative morphological characters of 345 flowered accessions. Seventy nine percent of total observed variation of not flowered 39 accessions was explained through 4 PC’s by 9 quantitative morphological characters. Ninety accessions were selected from 2 dendograms for development of a mini core collection; out of which 85 accessions represented flowered accessions based on minimum and maximum DF variation in each cluster of the dendogram. Five randomly selected accessions represented each cluster of not flowered accessions. Minimum and maximum DF values of both total collection and mini core collection were 56 and 189 days, respectively. Average DF of total flowered collection and mini core collection was 79.16 ± 0.95 and 87.95 ± 3.1, respectively. A similar trend in the regression relationship between DF and plant height and, DF and leaf length of the leaf prior to flag leaf was observed in total flowered collection and mini core collection, indicating the representation of mini core collection for flowering time variation.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 04:47
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 04:50
Uncontrolled Keywords: days to flowering, Oryza sativa, morphological characters, varietal diversity
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060114 Systems Biology
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070305 Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960803 Documentation of Undescribed Flora and Fauna
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.21475/ajcs.2016.10.09.p7865
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30591

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